Linux is a free and open-source operating system based on the Unix operating system. It was created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds and has since become one of the most popular operating systems in the world, powering everything from smartphones and personal computers to servers and supercomputers.

One of the key features of Linux is its open-source nature, which means that its source code is freely available for anyone to modify and redistribute. This has led to the creation of a large and active community of developers and users who collaborate to improve and extend the operating system.

Linux is highly customizable and can be adapted to run on a wide range of hardware platforms, from small embedded devices to large-scale servers and data centers. It supports a wide range of software and development tools, including programming languages like C, C++, Python, and Java, as well as a large number of open-source applications and frameworks.

One of the reasons for Linux’s popularity is its stability and security. Linux is known for its robustness and is often used in mission-critical applications where reliability is essential. Its open-source nature also makes it more secure, as the community is able to identify and fix security vulnerabilities more quickly.

Overall, Linux is a powerful, flexible, and versatile operating system that has become an essential component of modern computing. Its open-source nature and large community of developers make it a popular choice for a wide range of applications, from small embedded systems to large-scale enterprise environments.

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